People may use the following statements to describe themselves. Irrational thoughts physiological symptoms of stress map out on a body map. Understanding procrastination so you dont do it as much. This study examined the extent to which academic procrastination predicted the performance of cooperative groups in graduatelevel.
Academic procrastination and the performance of graduatelevel cooperative groups in research methods courses qun g. Procrastination quotient note that questions 2, 5, and 8 are scored in the opposite direction from the other items. The tuckman procrastination scale was developed to measure procrastination tendency on academically related tasks tuckman, 1991 and is widely used ferrari, et. Responses to tuckmans procrastination scale using frequencies 56 correlation analysis between academic procrastination, academic performance. Procrastination, personality traits, and academic performance. Document resume ed 319 792 author tuckman, bruce w. A 72 item liked scale was written and administered to 50 college juniors and seniors. So you want to do our own research study on procrastination. In accordance with this purpose resilience scale for adults developed by bas. The predictive validity of the procrastination scale was confirmed by the negative correlation r 0. Procrastination, academic success and the effectiveness of. Give yourself one point for each mark in column 1, two points for each mark in column 2, three points for each mark in column 3, four points for each mark in column 4. Aitken procrastination scale understanding procrastination. Procrastination is defined as delaying the intention of performing an activity consciously in an unreasonable manner johnson, green and kluever, 2000.
We found no significant difference in academic procrastination visavis gender, which chimes in with previous studies in turkey and india 15, 32. Construct validity of active procrastination 1 the construct validity of active procrastination. In this regard, tuckman procrastination scale and satisfaction with life scale were administered to 314 214 female, 100 male college students. A 72item likert scale was written and administered to 50 college juniors and seniors. Put an x in the box that best describes how you feel and behave. Procrastination is a widespread phenomenon that affects everyones daytoday life and interferes with the clinical treatment of several psychopathological states. Measuring procrastination attitudinally and behaviorally.
Finally the development and validation of the academic. Procrastination keeps you from starting, working on, or finishing important tasks. Do you use a dailyweekly appointment planner, or other calendar keeping method, to. Burns in the feeling good handbook 1989 gives 10 reasons why people procrastinate. In this book 23 antiprocrastination habits, you will discover a catalog of ideas to help you overcome procrastination on a daily basis. Efficacy in graduate students writing a doctoral dissertation abstract procrastination and selfefficacy have been studied over the years.
Very seldom or not true of me seldom true of me sometimes true of me often true of me very often true, or true of me score 1. Most people put tasks off from time to time but if you find you are doing this so much that it. Selfreported problems of procrastination appeared among 4% 5% of the adult population during the 1970s, compared to the most recent figures of 15% 20% steel, 2012. To procrastinate is to put off intentionally the doing of something that should be done. This content was uploaded by our users and we assume good faith they have the permission to share this book. Arousal, avoidant and decisional procrastinators 4 on the other hand, the decisional, avoidant, arousal trichotomy of procrastination is also popular, first proposed by ferrari 1992b. This form was based on an earlier version of the scale containing parallel formsa and b. Some questions on procrastination answer the following questions. As a distinct behavior, procrastination can be characterized in several ways. Using data from a large sample of italian undergraduates, we measure procrastination with the actual behaviour of students, considering the delay in finalizing their university enrolment procedure. Arousal, avoidant and decisional procrastinators 1 running. University of texas at arlington dissertation template. Schemas mediate the link between procrastination and.
Participants responded on a 4point scale ranging from 1 thats not me, for sure to 4 thats me, for sure. Each item on the tps asks respondents to rate their tendencies to behave in a particular way according to a 5point likert scale ranging from strongly agree to. In this sense procrastination isnt the behaviors done or not done, but is a behavior unto itself. Home quizzes daily functioning quizzes procrastination scale. For each statement, decide whether the statement is uncharacteristic or characteristic of you using the scale below it. Causes for procrastination in a unique educational. With the aim to provide empirical evidence of the unique contribution of each type of procrastination, we examine the nomological network of active procrastination in comparison with passive procrastination in an academic setting see fig. Procrastination is the grave in which opportunity is buried. According tosteel 2007, procrastination tends to increase with the publication year of the research, revealing a possible increase of procrastination in society in general. A total of 858 college students completed the tuckman procrastination scale, the academic selfefficacy scale, and the rosenberg selfesteem scale. Heres the scale you have been looking for, the irrational procrastination scale ips. Students scores on the tuckman procrastination scale tuckman, 1991 were used as an indication of their academic procrastination tendency. We test if different personality traits predict different types of procrastination by using the five factor model or the big five whereby individual.
A factor analysis of the results yielded two factors that formed the basis for reducing the scale to 35 items with a. Two items in the original scale loaded on a different factor and were removed from the measure. Each item on the tps asks respondents to rate their tendencies to behave in a particular way according to a 5point likert scale ranging from strongly agree to strongly disagree. Academic procrastination is characterized by the intention to do a task and a lack of capacity to begin, develop or end it which is usually accompanied by feelings of nervousness, anxiety and sadness ferrari, johonson and maccoown, 1995. You allow your responsibilities to take second place to other nonrelated tasks.
Validation of a french version of the pure procrastination. Youre overly concerned with not meeting high expectations. Psychometric properties of the tuckman procrastination. Psychometric properties of the tuckman procrastination scale in a turkish sample. Procrastination in relation to selfefficacy in graduate. Whereas many books provide a simple list of tips, youll learn why a specific strategy works, what limiting belief it eliminates and how it can be immediately applied to your life. Psychometric properties of the tuckman procrastination scale. Procrastination worksheet notes to myself self assessment exercise.
Psychometric properties of the tuckman procrastination scale in a. Tuckman, 1991, a questionnaire that measures general levels of procrastination. This study evaluated the factor structure and internal consistency of a new academic procrastination measure employing both the adaptive and maladaptive aspects of procrastination. Give yourself one point for each mark in column 1, two points for each mark in column 2, three points for each.
This study examined the extent to which academic procrastination. Pdf development of an academic procrastination scale. Posts about aitken procrastination scale written by author. Jan 04, 2014 posts about aitken procrastination scale written by author. Whereas many books provide a simple list of tips, youll learn why a specific strategy works, what limiting belief it eliminates and how it. Across the research literature over the past decade, it is recognized that procrastination is a form of selfregulation failure e. In relation to school homework and studying, do you procrastinate. Academic procrastination and the performance of graduate. Procrastination scale lay, 1986 for student populations instructions.
But procrastination isnt necessarily the mere lack of doing something, it is something that is causing the procrastinator not to do it. This set of questions is based on the procrastination scale created by professor clarry lay of york university, canada, and is presented with his kind permission. Scale dependence and scale invariance in hydrology. Numerous scales such as the lay 1986 general procrastination scale, the. What did you do instead of the task youd planned to do. The gp scale assesses global tendencies toward procrastination across a variety of delay tasks. Jan 12, 2017 psychometric properties of the tuckman procrastination scale in a turkish sample. Generally, scores in the 5764 range are considered high, 5056 range moderate, and 3549 range low. By looking at the reasons you put things off, you will make valuable discoveries about yourself that can help you put an end to procrastination. In study 1, a community sample of 9 participants completed a questionnaire that consisted of several items pertaining to unintentional. After excluding those that mentioned procrastination peripherally or failed to provide data e. A comparison of scores on the 35 items to performance on a selfregulated performance taskthe voluntary homework system vhs, developed by b. Journal of research in personality 20, 474495 1986at last, my research article on procrastination clarry h. A selfreport measure of procrastination tendencies was developed and tested by relating it to a behavioral measure of procrastination and to a selfreport measure of general efficacy.
Feel free to use it for any research purpose or clinical purposes and adjust the scale length or anchors as you see fit. Two hundred fifty college students responded to a 150item initial. A website into the scientific causes and solutions to procrastintation, and methods to increase motivation, learning and success. We used the 16item tuckman procrastination scale developed by tuckman 1991 to measure passive procrastination. Questionnaire piq, the tuckman procrastination scale tps and the tenitem personality inventory tipi. Sep 24, 2015 the predictive validity of the procrastination scale was confirmed by the negative correlation r 0. If something is neither relevant nor meaningful to you personally, it may.
Paper given at the meeting of the american psychological association, new. A significant negative correlation was found between procrastination and academic achievement. For each statement, decide whether the statement is uncharacteristic or characteristic of you using the following 5 point scale. A unique form of procrastination, academic procrastination, is a lessstudied and unique outlet of procrastination that offers insight into some of the underlying causes of student failures. The relationship between procrastination and academic. The 14item scale had a onefactor solution as supported by subsequent confirmatory factor analysis. Validity and reliability studies on the scale of the. Procrastination produces harmful effects for humancapital investments and studying activities. The correlations between procrastination and gender, age, area of residence and number of siblings respectively were not significant. Procrastination scale scoring system add up all of your points and see where you fall within the ranges given. Note that the 3 on the scale is neutral the statement is neither characteristic nor. Lay york universitythis paper considered three studies designed to examine procrastinatory behavior. The pure procrastination scale so you want to do our own research study on procrastination. Was there a difference in procrastination between male and female students.
More recently, the construct of intentional procrastination has been delineated and measured using the active procrastination scale aps. The purpose of this study was to develop a selfreport measure of procrastination tendencies, and test this measure by relating it to a behavioral measure of procrastination and to a selfreportmeasure of general selfefficacy. Learn the art of procrastination a stanford professor argues that procrastinating isnt so badas long as you do it right. Tuckman procrastination scale tps tuckman, 1991 own translation. Ensure that the coconut has some rice inside which can be seen through a small hole. Academic procrastination and course performance among. The six styles of procrastination and how students can overcome them linda sapadin 1 the perfectionist. According to tuckman and sexton 1989, procrastination is the lack or. Psychometric properties of the procrastination assessment. Did academic procrastination has an impact on academic performance and academic achievement. The result further reported that high tendency to procrastinate would lead to a lower.99 1341 1157 942 1317 263 1359 965 1376 501 140 506 1214 1035 16 1604 99 728 1176 1088 270 375 766 1271 760 381 1405 333 1463 725 1222 816 506 1267 75 512 822 542 239 436 917 417 752 1290 475 714 1301 1170 109 820